The Double Wheel Breakage Test
Updated: Jan 19, 2022
Paper published in Minerals Engineering, Volume 168, July 2021 (in press).
The mining industry needs a low-cost and reliable breakage characterization test which can rapidly process a large number of samples for geometallurgical modelling. The more samples are tested, the better is the understanding of the ore hardness variability and lower the design or production risks. The proposed solution is a new testing device, herein named Geopyörä, which is a variation of a roll crusher with an adjustable gap and instrumentation to measure breakage forces and energy applied to rock particles during the breakage process. The principle utilises a controlled degree of crushing, with absorbed breakage energy being a response rather than an input. The new testing device is capable of rapidly testing rocks over a wide range of sizes and accurately measured energy levels. For a range of ores, the results were demonstrated to provide outputs that replicate the breakage modelling from full JK drop Weight tests. In addition to being suited to testing drill cores and small sample masses, the Geopyörä provides a distribution of particle strengths within every sample. This paper provides an introduction to the concept, development of the prototype device and breakage calibration results that indicate its potential to become a major player in geometallurgical ore testing.
Key words: Geometallurgy, comminution, ore breakage characterization, variability.